Whether you’re a beginner who’s not familiar with the various parts of a ukelele yet, or a more advanced player who just wants to know more, the following information should be informative and helpful!
Tuning Machine/ Tuning Peg
Located on the ukulele headstock, the tuning machine functions as a regulator of the high and low strings that are being used. Each of the strings is connected to the tuning machine, resulting in 4 separate connections.
You can tighten or loosen the strings of your ukulele by turning the tuning pegs to the left or right.
Located at the junction between the headstock with the neck, the nut serves as a barrier to keep the strings in the right positions and to prevent them from interfering with each other.
The nut is generally made of white plastic material that is affixed using a special adhesive that is not easily separated.
The neck is the long, skinny part of the instrument where you will play a tones and chords. Along the length of the neck, there are frets placed horizontally. The frets gradually get closer to one another as they move down the neck away from the headstock.
The neck is generally made of mahogany or maple wood types, which usually the same material used to make the body of the ukulele.
To avoid bending or breaking the neck, store your ukulele in the correctly and carefully, away from other objects. Also make sure to loosen the strings if you will not use your ukulele in a relatively long period of time.
Essentially a tube with a circular hole in the middle, the body allows the sound from the strings to reverberate within a closed space, producing sounds that are more powerful and clear.
The body of the ukulele is generally made from the same type of wood that is on the top, bottom and sides (usually mahogany or maple wood).
Serves as the buffer for each of the strings attached to each tuning machine. Its shape and size are usually adjusted to handle the number of strings that will be used. In this case the ukulele is generally equipped with 4 strings.
Frets are made of iron or steel and are attached securely to the fretboard. Different sizes of ukeleles will have a different number of frets: soprano ukuleles have 12 frets, concert ukuleles have 19, and tenor and baritone ukuleles have 18-19.
An upper layer of the neck directly adjacent to the strings, on which you can play many tones by directly pressing any strings directly to the surface of the fretboard. In general the fretboard is made of Rosewood, with a black base color.
Acoustic instruments are usually equipped with a hole in the body, which serves to produce a clear and strong sound from every string.
Soundholes are generally circular, but some manufacturers also make soundholes with other shapes.
Serves as a buffer on the body to make sure the strings are the right distance apart from each other and also not too high or too low from the surface of the fretboard.
The saddle bridge for acoustic musical instruments such as the ukulele is usually made of white plastic material. By keeping the strings in their proper positions, the saddle bridge greatly affects the accuracy of the generated tones.
The bridge serves as the base of the binding of the static character strings. It is parallel with the position of the headstock and keeps strings in the correct positions.
Like the fretboard, the bridge is made from Rosewood, with a base color of black.